Editorial (5)


VOI EDITORIAL The Youth Pledge is one of the major milestones in the history of Indonesia's independence movement. The oath that was declared 89 years ago at the Second Youth Congress on 28 October 1928 was regarded as a crystallization of the spirit to affirm the ideals of the establishment of Indonesia. The Youth Pledge is a decision that affirms the ideals of having one country, one nation and one language, Indonesia.

The history records, the struggle of the Indonesian nation to be free from colonialism and achieve independence was done in various ways. At the beginning of the Dutch colonialism, Indonesian people did a physical struggle with arms and it was done locally. Every area fought separately to liberate their own territory from colonialism.

Along with the era development, the physical struggle has turned into non-physical struggle, namely the struggle through regional youth movement such as Jong Java (Javanese Youth), Jong Sumatra (Sumatra Youth), Jong Batavia (Batavian Youth), Jong Celebes (Sulawesi Youth), Jong Ambon (Ambonese Youth), etc.

The 2nd Youth Congress in 1928 has succeeded in uniting the local youth organizations into Indonesian youth and resulting the Youth Pledge, one country, one nation and upholding the unitary language: Indonesia.

The Youth Congress organized by youth associations throughout Indonesia has proved that the youths at that time dared to unite. They are from different regions, tribes and religions, but they dared to abandon their regional ego. They did not struggle for the region, but for the sake of the establishment of Indonesia. Differences are not an obstacle to achieve the ideals and advance Indonesia. Precisely, differences are the main capital of Indonesia to move forward.

Indonesian youth today should increasingly strengthen the unity and abandon their egoism in terms of regions or ethnicity, religions, races, etc. Because with unity, it has been proven that the Indonesian people have managed to achieve its independence. Indonesian youth today should be more creative and advanced than the youth 89 years ago and they should be more determined themselves to be fearless to unified.


Two referendums, one in Catalonia and one in Kurdistan, were carriedout within a short time. Both end up with results that are not much different, without recognition from


The Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia -NKRI based on Pancasila, the 1945 Constitution, and Unity in Diversity (Bhinneka Tunggal Ika) is a country which recognizes the plurality of its citizens with different tribes, religions, races, or groups. Specifically about religion, Indonesia officially recognizes the existence of six religions, namely Islam, Protestantism, Catholicism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Confucianism. The 1945 Constitution article 29 explicitly states that Indonesia is a country based on the One Supreme God. The state also guarantees the independence of every citizen to embrace his or her own religion and worship according to his or her religion and belief.

Maintaining harmony of religious communities within the Unitary State of the Republic of Indonesia is absolutely necessary. All religion followers must avoid insulting, harassing, disfiguring, and demeaning any different religions. There are articles about blasphemy in the Indonesian Criminal Law - KUHP to maintain the harmony of religious life and mutual respect for each other. Take for example, the followers of Islam as the largest religion in Indonesia must respect other minority religions and vice versa.

On Monday, October 23, 2017, President Joko Widodo appointed Prof. Din Syamsuddin as the president's special envoy for dialogue and inter-faith cooperation and civilization. The task is aimed at pursuing dialogue and cooperation among civilizations by promoting the culture and life of Indonesian society. Another task is by promoting harmony among religious followers in accordance with Pancasila both in the country and abroad. In regard to this, the religious harmony can be built in Indonesia. In addition, it can also help solve the world’s problems that have something to do with religion, such as Rohingya Muslims, Palestine, and Afghanistan.


In today's global uncertain situation, tensions and even conflicts between religions and civilizations occur everywhere. Indonesia is often asked, even required to be involved. This is in accordance with the message of the Preamble of the 1945 Constitution which states that Indonesia must participate in maintaining the world order, and realizing lasting peace. It is believed that inter-religious harmony among groups in Indonesia can be a good example that needs to be disseminated to the world.

The President advised Prof. Din Syamsuddin as the special envoy of the president for dialogue and interfaith cooperation and civilization to start implementing the tasks across Indonesia. Shortly after the inauguration, Prof. Din Syamsuddin immediately established a dialogue with Christian leaders in the office of the Communion of Churches in Indonesia and met with Chairman of the Indonesian Bishops' Conference.

The role of the president's special envoy for dialogue and cooperation between religions and civilizations is certainly very strategic to pursue the harmony of all religion followers or Ummah. Hopefully, the harmony of religious people in Indonesia based on Pancasila is growing well and peacefully. Communication among religious people can be more intense so that a close relationship is well-established not only in the country, but also abroad.





Recently, there has been a rumor among Indonesians regarding large numbers of weapon procurement ordered by certain parties. Moreover, the ordered weapons are not in accordance with the standards used in Indonesia, both for the Indonesian Military (TNI) and the Indonesian Police. There are concerns that the thousands of weapons may be used for something that endangers the state security and resilience. Earlier, before some Indonesian Military (TNI) retired generals and former TNI commanders last week, the Indonesian Military Commander, General Gatot Nurmantyo said that there were thousands of weapons smuggling which are not for the Indonesian Military (TNI) and Indonesian Police. Later on, Coordinating Minister for Political, Legal and Security Affairs, Wiranto in a press conference on Sunday 24 September confirmed that there were indeed 500 weapons purchase, not 5.000 as reported. He explained that this weapon is the procurement of National Intelligence Agency (BIN) and purchased from PT Pindad for intelligence school. Minister Wiranto added that the reason why the weapon is said to be smuggled or illegal is because it is not an Indonesian Military (TNI) standard. This is also why the National Intelligence Agency (BIN) does not need to ask permission to the Indonesian Military (TNI) Headquarters but to the Police Headquarters only. Minister Wiranto also stated that the issue of smuggling arms purchases occurred due to ‘incomplete inter-institution communication'.

Meanwhile, Director of Imparsial, an Indonesian NGO, Al Araf said that the statement of the Indonesian Military (TNI) Commander on smuggled weapons issue cannot be simplified as a mere miscommunication issue. Al Araf is of the opinion that this issue should be the President’s basic evaluation on the Indonesian Military (TNI) Commander. He assessed that such strategic information should be conveyed by the Indonesian Military directly to the President, not to the public. Apart from the issue on weapons smuggling, this incident also shows another side of Indonesia's strategic industry, PT PINDAD, which is capable of making weapons outside the context of diversity owned by the Indonesian Military (TNI) or Indonesian Police. The question is: is there a strict supervision of PT PINDAD related to its various strategic productions? This is important so that the issue on smuggled non-TNI and Police standard weapons will not happen again.





Despite finally winning the election, it doesn’t mean German Chancellor Angela Merkel can  smile widely. A not-too-big win makes Merkel need a coalition to rule. The one thing that distracted her mind is that her partner during the last administration  did not want to form a coalition anymore. Merkel's Party, the Christian Democrat Party-CDU and its coalition partner the  Socialist party- CSU did not succeed in boosting the votes, they  even suffered a decline. Another partner, the Social Democrat Party-SPD lead by  Martin Schulz, said they were no longer in coalition with Merkel. Without coalition Melifies will lose the majority in Parliament.

The problem is, Merkel will not easily make a coalition with other parties such as AfD, for instance. . The  ultra right party  got 13 per cent of the votes  in the election whiiiich makes    AfD become the third largest power. AfD obviously can not be a coalition partner, because their  political views contradicts with  Merkel’s. Other parties, the  FDP,the  Left Party and the Green party despite showing votes increase, got much fewer  votes compppared to AfD. Merkel is also not easily able to coalition with these parties because the FDP party is less suited to the Green party. In fact, coalitions with these parties, known as the Jamaican coalition, due to the parties’ flag colors, (Green of the Green party, Yellow of FDP party and Black of party CDU) are necessary.

The elections  in Germany this time left at least two surprises. First the  Party that has long been in government must accept the fact of the decline in vote. Secondly, the  new party that carries the issue of anti-immigrants like AfD got a double-digit vote increase instead. It is expected that the government in Germany will continue to run well despite the difficulty of building coalitions. Because Germany is now a stabilizer in the EU region. The country continues to grow positively and significantly more than any other European country. Germany's stability also keeps the EU stable so that the Asian economies that are still flowing to other regions including the EU can be accommodated.